Houses, pavilions and monuments, rendered through watercolor drawings, are all made of crystal and reflect the sunshine and the landscape while merging with it. The ideals of beauty and transparency were opposed by the architect, to a materialistic and utilitarian culture. The Monte Rosa and its foothills down to the green plains is to be rebuilt. Yes, impractical and without utility! But have we become happy throught utility?
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It should merely clarify in a concrete form the tendencies that encourage one to build high and should not be looked at as an end in itself, but rather as a suggestion that brings us closer to the realization of what was identified previously and to the fulfillment of further aims…. The First World War had a strong effect on Bruno Taut and his later architecture because he became in a pacifist.
The ideas that he had created in the Crystal Pavilion of would be framed in a deeper context and they became in the starting point of the architecture during the next years. This statement was framed within the concept Geist and Volk Spirit and people , where the Geist spirit was the vehicle through the personal aspirations of the man were close of the creations of the God.
In these temples, the latest aim of architecture its function is devotion for beauty and a place for the spirit. Bruno Taut attempts to a futurist utopian, where technology has to help to the Geist.
Glass and steel are seen in Alpine Architecture as elements that break away from the materialism of the period. One of the main targets of Taut was to get over the limitations of the materialism as part of his activism against rationalism. Para Taut, uno de sus principales objetivos era superar las limitaciones del materialismo como parte de su activismo frente al racionalismo.
We are now approaching the year anniversary of the date when Alpine Architecture — arguably the most ambitious architectural treatise of the 20th century — was produced in the spring and summer of Due to its lack of a systematic approach, labelling it a treatise creates difficulties for any traditional conception of the genre. This has been true since its first publication in and has persisted ever since. However, the work has proven enduring and may be of more acute value today than ever before. It is helpful to view Alpine Architecture in the context of these other undertakings, as it is not otherwise easily accessible. It consists of 30 annotated drawings 22 monochromatic and eight coloured plates of For this reason, the annotations are of great importance for understanding the work.
With the end of World War I and the collapse of the German Empire in architects like Bruno Taut called for the new government to support programs that would not only provide work, but would usher in a new ideal mankind, free from the machinations of war and the constraints of material possessions. Germany, however, suffered from an economic recession and severe inflation, leaving many citizens unemployed and architects with few commissions. The utopia that Bruno Taut had envisioned remained primarily on paper. Alpine Architektur owes greatly to the theories of the writer Paul Scheerbart whom Taut befriended in It recalls Scheerbart's promotion of glass architecture, reconstruction of nature, and peaceful anarchy. Comprising five parts, the book builds its theory through illustrations and notes, entreating all of mankind to unite under the task of beautifying the earth's mountain ranges by carving elegant crystalline structures. Bruno Taut, Alpine Architektur.
Case 3: Bruno Taut and Alpine Architektur
He was active during the Weimar period and is known for his theoretical works as well as his building designs. After secondary school, he studied at the Baugewerkschule. In the following years, Taut worked in the offices of various architects in Hamburg and Wiesbaden. From to , Taut worked in Stuttgart for Theodor Fischer and studied urban planning. He received his first commission through Fischer in , which involved the renovation of the village church in Unterriexingen.
BRUNO TAUT. ALPINE ARCHITECTURE
Courtesy of CBA. Alpine architecture, by architect Bruno Taut, c. Between and , in full Great War, the German architect Bruno Taut, conceived and edited Alpine Architecture, a treatise on utopian architecture developed in 30 plates. Apparently focused on the construction of an ambitious urban fabric in the Alps, the significance goes far beyond text. Aesthetic and philosophical implications are a condensed summary of the ideas pacifists, socialists and mystical Taut. The Fine Arts presents for the first time all the 30 plates that make Alpine Architecture. Taut says in the dedication of the work to Kaiser Wilhelm II to the treaty aims to be a contribution to the Eternal Peace.
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