Yugoslav Championship. Mar del Plata. Bad Pyrmont Zonal tournament. Staunton Memorial-London. Dublin Zonal tournament. Portoroz Interzonal tournament.
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Thank you for interesting in our services. We are a non-profit group that run this website to share documents. We need your help to maintenance this website. Please help us to share our service with your friends. Share Embed Donate. Svetozar Gligorich, a Yugoslav, has been for the past twenty years or more one of the best chessplayers in the world. He still competes successfully from Manila to Dundee.
Gligorich was born in Belgrade, Yugoslavia, February 2, His chess career in broad outline mirrors the history of Eastern Europe in our time: he learned to play chess as a boy, in spite of the handicap of dire poverty, and, just as he was about to achieve a degree of material success, all was shattered by the outbreak of the Second World War.
The study of chess variations then took second place in young Gligorich's life until the defeat of the Axis Powers; when the grimmer struggle was over, and he returned to chess, he found himself in the shadow of the Soviet Union's thoroughgoing domination of that field of endeavor-an aq.
Stories of how fledgling grandmasters first learned the moves of the game have always held a certain interest, if not to their fellow players, then to the public at large. When he was about twelve years old, there was a boarder in his mother's house who kept a chess set on the table in his room.
Young Gligorich took great interest in this set, studying it from various angles, but, reluctant to ask any questions of its owner, concluded only that the mysterious game played with its odtlly shaped pieces must be very complicated indeed. Finally, he did inquire, and was told, as many thousands of young boys have been told before and since, that chess is an alluring but very difficult game, and that he would be better off tending to his studies than wasting his time learning to play it.
True to the formula of this kind of story, the boy required only a few days to grasp the game sufficiently to beat his teacher. This is not, however, the story of a prodigy. Gligorich's rise to chess mastery was slow but very steady, despite the obtacles posed by his mother's disapproval she too thought he ought to be more attentive to his schoolwork and the poverty that prevented him from buying even the cheapest chess set.
He himself made the first set he ever owned, carving it with a razor blade out of pieces of cork, and used it to play over the chess columns of the Belgrade daily newspaper.
He is presently employed by Radio Belgrade. It was as a chess player, however, that Gligorich was destined to become famous all over the world. Gligorich's play is marked by two qualities also revealed in his annotations to the games in this book: logic and thoroughness. Of the first it may be said that Gligorich is one of the neatest of the great players, in the sense that his best ideas are executed with wonderful economv, with the strategic issues clearly and brilliantly defined.
This is plainly reflected in the elaborate notes to the opening stages of the games in this book, but it is important to recognize that he concentrates not merely on the more or less ephemeral fashions in tournament praxis, but on the ideas underlying the openings themselves.
Gligorich, as befits a chess-playing journalist, is also a noted writer on the game: he is the author of a book on the World Championship Candidates Tournament at Bled in , in which he competed, a book on the Sicilian Defense recognized as the most important study of that difficult opening, as well a.
This is the first of his books to appear originally in English, a collection of games, selected and annotated by him, the first of which appeared in Chess Review in the February issue. Variation in Agony 2. Are the Times Changed? Spassky-the Challenger Angry Generation 4. Man of the Year "White Spot" Spectacle! Reshevsky Is Back!
Korchnoy as a Prophet? Korchnoy-Spassky, Palma de Mallorca, In addition, as he is an active tournament player, it would be a false attitude to avoid publishing one of his games from time to time especially if it is one of general interest. Such is the game discussed here. It is from the latest Yugoslav Championship.
Indeed, if the author were to yield to human weakness, he would write about his good, fighting victory against his main rival, Ivkov, in that tournament. The opening is the Nimzo-Indian. The weapon belongs to Black and has been a favorite continuation of many leading masters for years, whenever Black has wished to avert the risk of a loss. In an important competition, who could reject such a sound device? Smyslov, Najdorf, Olafsson, Unzicker and, as American readers well know, Fischer have played the variation frequently.
For some unknown reason, the author never d id. The solid Black position without weak points always has proved sufficient to restrain the aggressiveness of active White pieces.
As one of many such examples, Najdorf-Gligorich in the Piatigorsky Tournament of 1 may be mentioned. As of the end of , we find the Yugoslav grandmasters Parma and Matanovich among the most ardent defenders of the Nimzo-Indian.
Both merit mention together ; for, after Panna's victory in the Junior World Championship with Matanovich as his guide and second, they have continued as very close friends and a kind of tandem in chess. They analyze together, prepare together and play the same variati'ons.
Playing Parma first in the Yugoslav Championship, the author encountered a new problem in a known position and had to be satisfied with a draw. He knew then that, with Pa:nna and Matanovich living in the same hotel room, he would have the same problem when he met Matanovich a few rounds later. So he prepared accordingly. Matanovich S. P-QB4 The temptation to get the advantage of the.
P-Q4 7 This position has come up hundreds of times. Now the moves follows. So Black exchanges. Black aims to keep open a diagonal for his Queen Bishop from QN2, thus making the pressure of his other Bishop on the White Queen Knight more effective.
But the move also loses time. This vital move is the most direct way to obtain a majority of forces in the center and Kingside. Examination of the move. N-K4, las1 t ed a rather long time. P-KR3 19 B-R! In the same Zagreb Tournament, Parma later prepared a better line ugainst the author: So everything seemed all right for Black, until Kraidman of Israel met Ma.
Matanovich produced his moves rapidly ; and Kraidman, thinking he had fallen into a trap, out of desperation, tried 16 B-N5! That move loses a piece; but, after Mata:ijovich managed to sa1vage a draw after But no one has cared to repeat that performance with Black since. QxP Parma had seen this pos. On Even the tactical chance of 1"1. Q-R4 After Q-K5, the Pawn goes on also by dint of 1 5 B-Q3.
Strategically, Black is lost, and his best chance is to try to exploit a weakening of the White Kingside. Q R- K 1 18 18 P-B4 does not advance the develop. White liked this position at first sight.
So simple logic says. But the matter is not so simple a,s it seems. In the previous game vs. K-R1 19 Now White em. Q-N5 It is a very important fact that, though Black may choose a "better" place for his Queen, he has no means to prevent the advance of the King Pawn.
Q-K2 14 P-K4! White wins the Exchange on 1 4. And, on 1 4. Now, how. Now he can, by So Black tries to simplify a little by exchange a pair of Rooks. N-Q5, White wins immediately by 28 P-K6. So Black tries to T h e final pos-ition demons'trates full triumph of White's strategy. After his match with Botvinnik, Petrosyan seemed to be virtually invincible if he wanted to be. Even Botvinnik, in spite of his iron will and energy, was exhausted by the durability of his younger rival. For Petrosyan was able, each time he needed to ensure his safety, to drain off the possibilities on the hoard and to make Botvinnik's ambitions look futile.
It would be very wrong, however, to regard Petrosyan merely as a player with a passive style. Petrosyan's aggressiveness takes the form of positional masterpieces in which he creates weak points in the opponent's camp with extreme patience and exploits them with the utmost skill and determination. Q Nonetheless, some additJi. He is not beaJten, because he sees so much.
The present World Champr i on is a very modest man. Thus, he went immediately to Los Angeles and showed no signs of feeling a new burden on his shoulders. He gained a first place tie in the Piatigorsky Cup Tournament, and then in Argentina, both times with Keres. As he is an Armenian, he was received in Erewan as a national hero.
Svetozar Gligoric - Selected Chess Masterpieces (David McKay 1970)-5.3MB
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Selected Chess Masterpieces
Thank you for interesting in our services. We are a non-profit group that run this website to share documents. We need your help to maintenance this website. Please help us to share our service with your friends. Share Embed Donate. Svetozar Gligorich, a Yugoslav, has been for the past twenty years or more one of the best chessplayers in the world.