HARRY THUKU PDF

Harry Thuku — 14 June was a Kenyan politician , one of the pioneers in the development of modern African nationalism in Kenya. He helped found the Young Kikuyu Association and the East African Association before being arrested and exiled from to Opposed to the Mau Mau movement, he later retired to coffee-farming. His family were Kikuyu , one of the ethnic groups that lost the largest amount of land to white settlers during the British takeover of Kenya. He spent four years at the school of the Kambui Gospel Mission , Harry Thuku became a typesetter for the Leader , a European settler newspaper.

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Harry Thuku , Kenyan politician, was one of the pioneers in the development of modern African nationalism in Kenya. Harry Thuku was born in the Kambui district of Kenya; he traced his descent from one of the most influential Kibuyu families of the region. He spent 4 years at the school of the Kambui Gospel Mission, and in he received a 2-year prison sentence for forging a check. Next Thuku became a typesetter for the Leader, a European settler newspaper. In he became a clerk-telegraph operator in the government treasury office in Nairobi.

All this experience had made Thuku one of the first of Kenya's Africans to be fully capable of working in the English language. At this time the first African organizations were being formed to defend African interests against the European rulers of Kenya. One of the first, the Kikuyu Association, was a nonmilitant group with ties to the government and missions; its main concern was the preservation of African-owned land. During Thuku served as its secretary. He was interested, however, in more forceful action to deal with other problems facing Kenya's Africans, and in he left the Kikuyu Association when it did not respond as he wished to new European pressures.

Kenya then was suffering from economic difficulties, and the organized Europeans wanted to cut African wages to revive the colony's economic position. Thuku was one of the founders of the East African Association , Nairobi's first modern political organization. It drew members from many tribal groups, but because of its location most of the members were Kikuyu.

Thuku played an important role because of his education and government position. The Kenyan government opposed the association's aims since the settler-dominated colony was not yet ready for any forceful presentation of African views. But Thuku and his colleagues continued to work and to gain support among Kenya's educated Africans.

This success led to Thuku's arrest in This event was met by an intensive African protest which resulted in a demonstration culminating in violence. Thuku was then deported to remote Kismayu. The East African Association then declined, but those interested in African rights remained active.

Thuku remained in their thoughts as a primary leader. He was released in ; in he became president of the Kikuyu Central Association, then Kenya's foremost African political group. But dissension arose among the leaders of the association, and the organization split into factions, with Thuku eventually founding his own group, the Kikuyu Provincial Association, devoted to legal, nonmilitant protest. This turn to moderation caused a permanent split between Thuku and the rising generation of the future leaders of Kenya.

From this period on Thuku played no important role in the evolution of African nationalism within his country. The best account of Thuku and his times is Carl G. Rosberg, Jr. Ogot and J. Kieran, eds. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

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Learn more about citation styles Citation styles Encyclopedia. More From encyclopedia. Pan Afric… African Diaspora , The African diaspora is a term that refers to the dispersal of African peoples to form a distinct, transnational community.

Though usually associated with the intellectual lineage that runs from Cheikh Anta Diop …. About this article Harry Thuku Updated About encyclopedia. You Might Also Like locust bean. African Eve hypothesis. African violet. African Philosophy. Pan-African Congress. Realism, Africa. Harry S. Truman National Historic Site. Harry Potter Series. Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone.

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Harry Thuku

Harry Thuku, one of the pioneers of African nationalism in Kenya , was born in the Kambui region of the British colony in In , the Gospel Missionary Society build a mission center in Kambui, employing Thuku as a herd boy and houseboy. During his childhood employment at the mission center, Thuku learned to read and write. He left for Nairobi in , but at sixteen was sentenced to two years in prison for check-forging. After serving his two-year prison term, Thuku was employed at the Leader , a colonial newspaper, when he became interested in local and national political affairs. By World War I he was employed at the colonial treasury, where he increased his circle of politically-inclined friends and associates. After touring African districts and seeing colonial officials neglect African welfare, he denounced the Kenyan colonial government and encouraged Africans to stand up for their rights.

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Thuku, Harry

Harry Thuku , Kenyan politician, was one of the pioneers in the development of modern African nationalism in Kenya. Harry Thuku was born in the Kambui district of Kenya; he traced his descent from one of the most influential Kibuyu families of the region. He spent 4 years at the school of the Kambui Gospel Mission, and in he received a 2-year prison sentence for forging a check. Next Thuku became a typesetter for the Leader, a European settler newspaper. In he became a clerk-telegraph operator in the government treasury office in Nairobi. All this experience had made Thuku one of the first of Kenya's Africans to be fully capable of working in the English language.

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