Download full text Bahasa Indonesia, 11 pages. Zulfi, Fifia. Environmental pollution that caused by electroplating wastewater can be solved by membrane technology. Chitosan and silica have been used widely in the wastewater treatment process and also easily formed into membranes. The purpose of this study is to analyze characteristics of membrane flux , which is one indicator of the quality of the performance of the membrane. The membranes used in the filtration process is made of chitosan and silica rice husk biosilika with inverse phase technique.

Author:Yozshuhn Kekora
Language:English (Spanish)
Published (Last):6 June 2007
PDF File Size:14.48 Mb
ePub File Size:6.41 Mb
Price:Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]

The rapid growth of the industry is giving positive effects for humans by providing daily needs and supporting economic development. However, the industrial process also releases pollution to the environment, which can cause water scarcity, biodiversity loss, and climate change.

Removing these pollutants from various industrial wastes is a requirement for ensuring proper water quality for human consumption, agricultural use, and environmental safety.

This work aims to explain the use of natural resources as a source of valuable compounds that can be used in wastewater treatment, particularly in Indonesia, by adopting a literature study method reviewing both national and international references.

Chitosan is an effective bio-absorbent pollutant because of its high level of deacetylation and free amino groups, making it polycationic which is capable of being bound to metals, proteins, and dyes.

Chitosan membranes can be applied only with chitosan material and composites: chitosan-Polyethylene Glycol PEG , chitosan-Poly Vinyl Alcohol, chitosan-biosilica, chitosan-PVA-silica, chitosan-alginate, chitosan-cellulose, and chitosan-silica. Chitosan has the ability as a coagulant and reducing water turbidity.

Since there is a high abundance of chitosan raw material in Indonesia, it is supposed to be able to support the application of chitosan as a natural purifying agent considering its high ability to absorb heavy metal and some dangerous materials. Al-Manhel, A. Extraction of chitosan, characterisation and its use for water purification. Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences, 17 2 , — Arifin, A. Journal of Health Science and Prevention, 1 2 , 58— Aulia, Z.

Jurnal Teknik Lingkungan, 5 2 , Bratina, B. Journal of Environmental Management, , — Chodijah,Siti, H. Jurnal Penelitian Teknologi Industri, 9 2 , Dandil, S. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, , — Dima, J.

Chemosphere, , — Evaani, D. Fatombi, J. A natural coagulant protein from copra Cocos nucifera : Isolation, characterization, and potential for water purification. Separation and Purification Technology, , 35— Feng, G. Magnetic natural composite Fe3O4-chitosan bentonite for removal of heavy metals from acid mine drainage. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, , — Hameed, B.

Equilibrium modeling and kinetic studies on the adsorption of basic dye by a low-cost adsorbent: Coconut Cocos nucifera bunch waste. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 1 , 65— Huang, Yimin, Lee, X.

Fast and efficient removal of chromium VI anionic species by a reusable chitosan-modified multi-walled carbon nanotube composite. Chemical Engineering Journal, , — Huang, Yong-hong. Comparison of rhizosphere and endophytic microbial communities of Chinese leek through high-throughput 16S rRNA gene Illumina sequencing. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 17 2 , — Hui, M. Iqbal, J. Adsorption of acid yellow dye on flakes of chitosan prepared from fishery wastes.

Arabian Journal of Chemistry, 4 4 , — Karimifard, S. Application of response surface methodology in physicochemical removal of dyes from wastewater: A critical review. Science of The Total Environment, —, — Kim, M. A novel chitosan functional gel included with multiwall carbon nanotube and substituted polyaniline as adsorbent for efficient removal of chromium ion.

Chemical Engineering Journal, , 51— Kumari, S. Procedia Materials Science, 6, — Extraction and characterization of chitin and chitosan from fishery waste by chemical method.

Lasindrang, M. Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, 3, — Lessa, E. Carbohydrate Polymers, , — Li, N. Comparative preservation effect of water-soluble and insoluble chitosan from Tenebrio molitor waste. Liu, J. A novel reusable nanocomposite adsorbent, xanthated Fe 3 O 4 -chitosan grafted onto graphene oxide, for removing Cu II from aqueous solutions.

Applied Surface Science, , — Lou, T. Synthesis of a terpolymer based on chitosan and lignin as an effective flocculant for dye removal. Ma, H. Formation of multi-layered chitosan honeycomb spheres via breath-figure-like approach in combination with co-precipitation processing. Materials Letters, , 91— Markandeya, Dhiman, N. Statistical optimization of process parameters for removal of dyes from wastewater on chitosan cenospheres nanocomposite using response surface methodology.

Journal of Cleaner Production, , — Comprehensive remediation study of disperse dyes in wastewater using cenospheres nanosyntactic foam. Mohd Din, A.

Batch adsorption of phenol onto physiochemical-activated coconut shell. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2—3 , — Nair, V.

Development of novel chitosan—lignin composites for adsorption of dyes and metal ions from wastewater. Nitayaphat, W. Materials Today: Proceedings, 4 5 , — Noralia, E. Novi, Y. JKK, 5 4 , 47— Nuralam, Endoraza, P. Jurnal Teknik Kimia, 18 4 , 7. Nurdin, F. Analit: Analytical and Environmental Chemsitry, 1 01 , 7.

Nurdjannah, N. Penjernihan Sirup Pala dengan Chitosan dan Hemisellulase. Pert, 16 1 , 1—8. Phasuphan, W. Removal of ibuprofen, diclofenac, and naproxen from water using chitosan-modified waste tire crumb rubber. Journal of Molecular Liquids, , Ramadhanur, S. Konversi, 4 1 , Ruswahyuni Hartoko, Agus, R.

Journal of Coastal Development, 14 1 , 1— Samuel, M. Shaida, Mohd. Removal of diethyl phthalate via adsorption on mineral rich waste coal modified with chitosan. Journal of Molecular Liquids, , — Sohni, S.



Pollution has been occured in our environment due to daily life waste, industrial and using of peptiside in agroindustrial farm. Over usuage and dose of peptiside could be harmfull to the farm environment especially for fish farm. Measurement of membrane potential of fish egg cells is a simple metode to investigate water polution level. Membrane potential of fish egg cells can be measured using microelectrode probe which is connected to an electrometer.


Karakteristik Fluks Membran dalam Proses Filtrasi Limbah Cair Industri Pelapisan Logam

Cells are the most important structural and functional part of any organism. Cells are protected by cell membranes that envelop cells, and separate cells with their environment. The effectiveness of the work of a cell membrane can be disrupted for various reasons, one of which is pesticide contamination. Pesticides in cells can damage cell metabolism or cell membrane permeability.


Biologi sintetis

Biologi sintetis SynBio adalah cabang antar bidang biologi dan teknik. Bidang ini menggabungkan disiplin ilmu dari dalam domain ini, seperti bioteknologi, rekayasa genetika, biologi molekular, rekayasa molekular, biologi sistem, ilmu membran, biofisika, teknik kimia dan biologi, teknik listrik dan komputer, teknik listrik dan komputer, teknik kontrol dan biologi evolusi. Biologi sintetis menerapkan disiplin ilmu ini untuk membangun sistem biologis buatan untuk penelitian, teknik, dan aplikasi medis. Biologi sintetis dilihat secara berbeda oleh ahli biologi dan insinyur. Awalnya dilihat sebagai bagian dari biologi, dalam beberapa tahun terakhir peranan teknik elektro dan kimia menjadi lebih penting. Sebagai contoh, satu deskripsi menunjuk biologi sintetis sebagai "disiplin yang muncul yang menggunakan prinsip-prinsip teknik untuk merancang dan merakit komponen biologi".

Related Articles