It is one of the largest temples in India and is an example of Dravidian architecture during the Chola period. The temple stands amidst fortified walls that were probably added in the 16th century. The vimanam temple tower is ft 66 m high and is the tallest in the world. The Kumbam the apex or the bulbous structure on the top of the temple is carved out of a single rock and weighs around 80 tons. There is a big statue of Nandi sacred bull , carved out of a single rock measuring about 16 ft 4. The entire temple structure is made out of granite, the nearest sources of which are about 60 km to the west of temple.
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It is huge a feet hollow structure which has withstood all weak or violent disturbances of nature — winds, rainfalls, storms — when the Great Tanjore Temple is built of interlocking stones without any binding material. Whenever western scientists, archaeologists were unable to decipher divine structures of Hindu temples; they conveniently blanketed it as alien technology to save their faces from the embarrassment and logical explanation.
Some of the enslaved colonial bots and pseudo-scientists from India who are not aware of Vedic teachings did multiple researches with western principles, only to re-tag it as unsolved mysteries. The Tanjore big temple contains more than underground passages to various places. The underground channels also contain some secret paths that lead to various places like the Palace of RajaRaja Chola and also to other important destinations.
The underground transits end to different temples and also to various places in and around Tanjore. Most of the underground passages were sealed and if the people choose the wrong passage then there are possibilities that the path might lead to mazed unexitable zones. It is widely known that this was a trap for the safety of RajaRaja Chola kingdom. Few passages were interconnected to be used for free flow of fresh air running through lush green vegetation filled with oxygen for healthy breathing of the occupants roaming through the underground transits of the Thanjavur Tanjore temple.
There was a separate elevated platform constructed for RajaRaja Chola so that he was conveniently able to do abhishek of large Shiv Ling present in Garbhagriha. Other passages were leading to doorways of tunnels which were sources of water channelized from the fresh river water. Click on the image for an enlarged version inner view — below to top. The weight of the cap stone at the top of Thanjavur Tanjore weighs astonishingly 80 tons.
No man built shallow structure around the world has such huge stone cap at the top of the constructed temple. These are frequently asked queries which globally baffles scientists, archaeologists and common people. The Garbhagriha, where Shiv Lingam is placed emits huge amount of electromagnetic positive energies. The 80 tons stone was kept as a repulsive force so as to make the energy revolve around the temple perimeter and keep the place pious and divinely graceful.
The flow of energy move around and within the Vedic structure giving healthily calming, soothing and mentally composing effect to the bhakts and yogis. At the top of the Sri Vimana Thanjavur temple, near the neck of the Gopuram there are 8 Nandis seen very prominently even while standing from the ground. These Nandis are huge and carved from single stone.
A Nandi of the similar scale is seen on the southern Prahara. One can judge the size of the Nandi and its relative weight. On the front side of the Vimana that is facing the east direction one can see the sculptures of abode of Bhagwan Shiv called as Mahameru.
The whole of Sri Vimana is built using granite rocks and the sculptures in them are covered by a thin layer of mortar to preserve the granite sculptures inside. It is widely known that there were no heavy machines, cranes or any high end equipments used to lift the stone up and place it at the top of the temple.
The only thing that could help achieve, the almost impossible feat, were the fleet of elephants. A massive triangular podium of half-pyramidal shaped structure was constructed that was erected adjacent to the opposite side of the massive temple. The figure below represents the construction site, explains how it was done.
Massive staircase of rollers were constructed at the base to pull 80 tons stone by fleets of elephants and men. The platform was more inclined towards ground and not so angular as seen in the representational image. It might sound miracle for all of us so called modern but materialistic beings; it was never a secret for ancient Hindus. There are lots of high quality paintings in the Tanjore big temple that explain many things about the kingdom of Chola dynasty and also the greatness of particularly, the RajaRaja Chola.
There were also depiction of contemporaneous history in the painting of Thanjavur Tanjore or Thanjai. Thanjavur has a unique place in the history of Indian painting, it is so because the paintings are splendid, beautiful and looks very fresh as if the depictions were made recently.
Painters across the world are awestruck and they are still trying hard to figure out how even today these hundreds of years old Hindu paintings look so natural and novel. Hindu Sages used natural elements for designing Vedic symbols which acted as gateways of communication. The lasting of such Vedic designs were ensured using medicinal learnings of Ayurved. Hindu Sages were intelligent and they knew that to establish divine connection with Gods, the continuous recitement of mantras should be supported by yantras that have longer recency and permanency.
The same method of Hindu Sadhus were originally replicated by Hindu Painters, who used their ancient knowledge to paint everlasting beautiful paintings. The granite stones are one of the strongest stones in the world.
It is very difficult to carve intricate designs on the granite stones without powerful blunt devices. Granite is also very heavy so movement of huge stones from one place to another is also not possibly easy. More than , tons of granite were used to build Rajarajeshwar Thanjavur temple. How opulent was legacy of Hindu Kings, can be known from the fact — Greek biographer stated that Nanda dynasty had a mighty military power of horse back troops, foot soldiers, battle elephants and about war horse-drawn vehicles.
The reference of human and animal resource of Nanda dynasty was only for battlefront. For constructing structures they had different pool of animal resources. Similarly, RajaRaja Chola had allocated over elephants and over horses for the construction of structures.
After constructing several temples, RajaRaja Chola and his Hindu engineers mastered the art of building Mandirs from Granite stones. The cutting and carving of the granite stone is very difficult, britishers after seeing Granite block temples tried to replicate the feat but failed miserably. While mughals when saw such temples tried ways to dismantle or reconvert Hindu temples into satanic tombs and mosques — true to the terrorism legacy they got from quran and dacoit mohammed.
It was patience, selfless bhakti and love towards mother earth that made it possible. Hindu Kings were keen on protecting nature and never did any harm to the environment when they build temples.
Whenever range of trees were cut from the forests for the construction of temples, an equal and in some cases double the number of trees were planted. Even today it is not possible to carve intricate designs on the Granite stones, as shown in the Thanjavur temples.
The holes could be deeper or surfacial based on the requirement. Then wooden sticks were filled in those holes, water was poured in the holes.
After a long period of time the rocks would break. And in similar manner, customized Granite blocks were cut. A dedicated secret passage was created to connect different secret places in hidden mesh-like structure. It is decorated with distinct features depicting Vedic history of Bharat India. While roaming through secret passages, it is impossible to come back to the starting point, as no one knows the route to reach the inter-places meshed to each other. That is the reason, most of the underground and secret passages are closed for the common public and archaeologists.
What are Secret Passages of Thanjavur Tanjore : Secret Passages are closed since entrance to them is only possible when you recite right mantra to enter it. The in-roads through the secret passages lead to places which RajaRaja Chola wanted only his close confidante to know. Such places were holding keys to the treasure chest, rare scripts, calligraphs and vaults whose confidentiality were to be maintained.
The huge cap of Tanjore big temple is constructed in such a way that the shadow of the Tanjore big temple Gopuram will not fall on the ground at noon in any season. It will just fall on itself. During morning or evening when the Sun is out, the shadow can be seen falling on the ground. It was constructed by the King at the height of the Chola reign to signify his bhakti, power and strength.
Here are few interesting facts about this Chola temple of Thanjavur:. The Hindu Marathas protected it from mughal invasion, gave it the name Brihadeeshwara or the Great Ishwara. More than , tons of granite were used to built it.
Meru also signifies the centre of the universe and the axis of the world. This is undoubtedly, the first ever instance of a royal portrait. His successors survive to this day and practice the art of Vastu or Vastu Shastra. Depictions of nartakis or dancers showing eighty one of hundred and eight karanas synchronised movements of hands and feet in Bharat Natyam are carved here. These selective karanas represented here are a part of karanas mentioned in the Natya Shastra of Rishi Bharat.
These depictions are first of their kind. Each of these jewels are mentioned in detail. A total of twenty three different types of pearls, eleven varieties of diamonds and rubies are mentioned in these inscriptions.
What astounds historians is that there was not a single granite quarry in about km radius of the temple. This means that transporting these stones would have been a herculean task. But Raja Raja Cholan insisted on the use of these stones. All of these features make this Chola temple of Tanjore, a magnum opus of the opulent Chola kingdom. Tourists across India must be encouraged to visit this amazing temple.
It is wonderful structure similar to another stunning Kailasa temple architecture. Both these temples are beautiful and opulent than thousands of Taj Mahals put together — a tomb that needs repair almost every year. No such Hindu temples ever needed any repair since the time of inception. Few needed restoration post series of raids and destruction of Mughal terrorists. Time to showcase our glory to the world. We Indians must promote such temples to restore our culture and educate Hindu youth about our affluent past.
The temple was built within schedule, completed in record time of 7 years, amounting to moving and placing almost 50 tons of rock each and every day, not to forget carving and aligning it.
When the Brihadeeswara temple was completed in CE, it was the tallest temple in India by an order of magnitude of A thousand years later, standing at feet, it is still the tallest non-bound temple in India and world.
The best thing in the Chola temples is that the tower lies over the sanctums has more elevation as compared to the towers set over the Gopuram tower that could be found at the entrance. After dusk, when the temple is been illuminated, its topmost light over the dome seems not less than another planet glowing and coming closer to the earth.
This is also one of the attraction of the tallest Shiv Temple that draw thousands of people to it. Sree Ganesh idol is worshiped first before praying other Gods. At the entrance of sanctum sanctorum, one can see the two idols of Shivputra Ganesh in the corridor.
Tanjore Temple: all you need to know before visiting
It is huge a feet hollow structure which has withstood all weak or violent disturbances of nature — winds, rainfalls, storms — when the Great Tanjore Temple is built of interlocking stones without any binding material. Whenever western scientists, archaeologists were unable to decipher divine structures of Hindu temples; they conveniently blanketed it as alien technology to save their faces from the embarrassment and logical explanation. Some of the enslaved colonial bots and pseudo-scientists from India who are not aware of Vedic teachings did multiple researches with western principles, only to re-tag it as unsolved mysteries. The Tanjore big temple contains more than underground passages to various places.
Mysteries Solved: Secrets of the Thanjavur (Tanjore) Brihadeeswarar Temple Built By RajaRaja Chola
The deity of the temple is Lord Shiva—in his dancing pose—who is called the Nataraj. The temple was built, like a fortress on the shores of a river, by the king to grace the Chola Empire. The temple is a magnificent architectural construct that will never stop surprising anyone visiting the temple. Built using over , tons of granite, this fabulous structure shows the architectural prowess and affinity of the South Indian kings. The major attraction of the temple is the feet-tall tower that is built above the Sanctum of the temple.
The original monuments of this 11th century temple were built around a moat. It included gopura, the main temple, its massive tower, inscriptions, frescoes and sculptures predominantly related to Shaivism , but also of Vaishnavism and Shaktism traditions of Hinduism. The temple was damaged in its history and some artwork is now missing. Additional mandapam and monuments were added in centuries that followed. The temple now stands amidst fortified walls that were added after the 16th century. Built out of granite, the vimana tower above the sanctum is one of the tallest in South India. The city is connected daily to other major cities by the network of Indian Railways, Tamil Nadu bus services and the National Highways 67 , 45C , and Extn.
Brihadisvara Temple, Thanjavur